Editor-in-Chief & Deputy Editor 2019-2021





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Acta Gastroenterologica Belgica is supported by grants from its major sponsors


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Case Reports

A rare cause of dysphagia in a hiv patient – esophageal pseudodiverticulosis

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Esophageal pseudodiverticulosis is a rare clinical entity with a slight male predominance (1). The condition is caused by cystic dilation of the sub mucosal glands and hence is not true diverticulosis. This is usually a benign condition, affecting the distal third of esophagus. It has been associated with reflux esophagitis, strictures and candidiasis. Patients with esophageal pseudodiverticulosis may present with progressive dysphagia, though most cases are asymptomatic. Perforation (2), bleeding (3) and mediastinitis have rarely been described. To the best of our knowledge, the occurrence of this rare disease in HIV patients has been described only once before (4). We report the second case of esophageal pseudodiverticulosis occurring in a HIV patient. (Acta gastroenterol. belg., 2013, 76, 340-341). [Product Details...]

Azathioprine induced serious portal hypertension : a case series of three IBD patients and review of the literature

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We report 3 male IBD patients (2 Crohn’s Disease, 1 Ulcerative Colitis) developing thrombocytopenia and splenomegaly on azathioprine treatment. All patients were diagnosed with significant portal hypertension due to histological proven nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) of the liver. In two of three patients, liver function tests remained completely normal. In addition we provide a short literature review of azathioprine induced NRH covering etiology, imaging, pathology, prognosis and treatment. (Acta gastroenterol. belg., 2013, 76, 342-346). [Product Details...]

Spontaneous dissection of the celiac trunk : a rare cause of abdominal pain – case report and review of the literature

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Spontaneous dissection of the celiac trunk is uncommon and rarely considered in patients presenting with acute onset of epigastric pain. We report the case of a 48-year old male, diagnosed with a spontaneous dissection of the celiac trunk extending towards the common hepatic artery. He was treated conservatively and remained asymptomatic after two years of follow-up. Conservative treatment seems justified in the absence of bowel ischemia or signs of hemorrhage. Initial Computed Tomography angiography revealed the presence of a dissection with a pseudoaneurysm that remained stable and regressed towards a normal Computed Tomography angiography after 7 months of follow-up. Radiologic follow-up is warranted as progression of the dissection and/or total occlusion with or without symptoms can occur. The risk factors, the natural course and optimal treatment remain unclear due to the rarity of the disorder. Our patient had no predisposing cardiovascular risk factors. Nevertheless, we observed a hypertrophic ligamentum arcuatum on Computed Tomography, possibly facilitating the evolution towards a dissection. Next to the case report, we provide a review of the available literature. (Acta gastroenterol. belg., 2013, 76, 335-339). [Product Details...]

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